The Egyptians were a very creative people. They were very structurally advanced. They created wondrous works of art such as hieroglyphics. Through slave labor, they created the Sphinx and magnificent pyramids. The Egyptian people also created new progress in sciences. The greatly achieved art of mummification was greatly improved, if not basically invented, by the Egyptians. They could really preserve a body. The Egyptians also made great leaps in farming and irrigation methods. The Egyptians also had a sound (not great for the people but sound) government system. Also, the Egyptians had a powerful army to control their empire. They were technologically advanced in the weapons department. The ancient Egyptians may be remembered by most for their pyramids, but they also made great leaps in other things. They left a great mark in history.
Work:
There were two main kinds of workers in ancient Egypt, Unskilled Workers and Skilled Craftsmen. The Unskilled Workers were peasants that did large projects for the government. They did these projects during the flood season. After the flood season when they were done working for the government they would return home so they could tend to their crops. Skilled Craftsmen on the other hand worked year round on their projects. Some examples of Skilled Craftsmen were sculptures, goldsmiths, painters, carpenters, and rock cutters.


Religion: Religion in ancient Egypt was strongly influenced by tradition, so people didn't want to change. One very strong tradition was that of Divine Kingship. That is the belief that the Pharaoh is not only a king, but also a god. The Pharaoh was associated with Horus, the son of Re, the sun god. After the Pharaoh died the Egyptians believed that he became Osiris, another Egyptian god, and that he would help them in their afterlife. The Egyptians had a Polytheistic religion (many gods) and had a Monotheistic religion (one god) for a short amount of time. When the Egyptians had the Polytheistic religion they believed in over 700 different gods.


Social Roles:

Ancient Egypt had many different social classes. At the very bottom of the social ladder were the Farmers and Slaves. The Pharaoh owned many slaves. Moving up from the bottom was the Craftsmen. They did most of the building projects in Egypt. One step up from the Craftsmen was the Scribes. Egyptians who had the job of a Priest, Doctor, or an Engineer were next. Priests and Scribes were some of the few people that were taught to read and write. High Priests and Nobles came after that. The Nobles were usually related to the Pharaoh. The Viser was even higher than the High Priests and the Nobles, but at the very top of the ladder was the Pharaoh.

Pyramids:

Pyramids were very important to the ancient Egyptians. That is where they buried their Pharaohs and their Queens. Pharaohs were buried in pyramids that were different shapes and sizes. They used this tradition from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. There are about 80 different pyramids that we know of today from ancient Egypt. The most well known, of these 80 pyramids, is the one that was built for the pharaoh Khufu. Today it is known as the "Great Pyramid".The “Great Pyramid” was built by the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu.
Slaves:
Slavery in ancient Egypt wasn't as harsh as we believe slavery to be. In fact, some people even paid to become slaves. Slaves who held a higher status could even own servants. Some of the sections of ancient Egypt could only have a certain number of slaves at any given time. One of the results of this was that it was estimated that only 10% of Egypt's population were slaves at one point in history.
Law:
Ancient Egypt had the longest lasting law system ever; 2,895 years. The law expressed people's individual rights. There were, at one point, eight different books holding the complete law of the land. Punishments for major crimes included mutilation and even death. More commonly, if someone stole something, they would have to compensate the lost property.

Leadership
The Egyptians were ruled by either a pharaoh or a queen. They were looked to as gods. Two of the most famous ones were King Tut and Cleopatra. The Egyptian rulers were in charge of everything. They told you what class you were going to live in and what you were going to do for them. They also were very full of themselves. They had slaves build giant statues of themselves and giant pyramids for their burials. Their pyramids were to send them to the afterlife. They were even buried with riches and servants. If you want to see a real ruler, just look at the Egyptian rulers.

Agriculture


The Egyptians were very agriculturally advanced. They created many farming techniques we still use today. They were the first to develop seasonal farming in relation to the Nile. They had three seasons. They also developed the source of modern irrigation. The Nile was central to farming. They grew many crops such as wheat, barley, and grapes. They also farmed animals. Pig farmers were the only people allowed to touch a pig. People also fished from the Nile, though most people didn't eat it because it was considered unclean. The Egyptians were very advanced and rich in agriculture.

Sources

General information: http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/menu.html